Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) Treatment

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Ayurvedic Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) Treatment

Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) is a group of diseases that involve inflammation of the digestive tract. This Inflammation is normally chronic in nature but at time it may also be acute.


The digestive tract is responsible for the breakdown of food, absorption of nutrients and excretion of waste materials therefore inflammation anywhere along the digestive tract interferes with this otherwise normal process.

IBD symptoms vary depending on the severity of inflammation and place of digestive tract involved. Symptoms may range from mild to severe.

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   Symptoms Include

  • Diarrhoea

  • Fatigue

  • Abdominal pain and cramping

  • Blood in your stool

  • Reduced appetite

  • Weight loss

Causes Of Inflammatory Bowel Disease

According to Modern Science the cause is still unknown but as per Ayurveda as it is a digestive tract disorder, the reasons lies in our diet only. As per Ayurveda the Pitta aggravating factors are mainly responsible for this disease that is the reason when we treat IBD dietary
restrictions are mandatory for good recovery.

Types of IBD

The two most common types of IBD are ulcerative colitis (UC) and  Crohn’s disease .
1. Ulcerative Colitis involves inflammation of the large intestine.
2. Crohn’s disease can cause inflammation in any part of the digestive tract between mouth and the anus However, it mostly affects the lower end of the small intestine and colon.

Ulcerative Colitis

Ulcerative colitis is a chronic, inflammatory bowel disease that causes inflammation in the large intestine. Ulcerative colitis is usually only in the innermost lining of the large intestine (colon) and rectum. In severe cases, ulcers form on the lining of the colon. These ulcers may bleed, which produces pus and mucus.


Common symptoms of Ulcerative Colitis include:

 

  • abdominal pain

  • increased abdominal sounds

  • bloody stools

  • diarrhoea

  • fever

  • rectal pain

  • weight loss

  • malnutrition


Diagnosis


Diagnosis is made primarily by endoscopic procedures like colonoscopy, flexible sigmoidscopy with tissue biopsy. These help in making the confirmed diagnosis. Blood test and Stool also helps for confirmation.


Ayurvedic View


In Ayurveda we may compare ulcerative colitis with Raktatisar or Rakta pitta. It is primarily a disorder in which Vata and pitta are vitiated.
So all vata Pitta aggravating diet should be avoided especially salty, spicy and sour taste. Also besan, namkeen, fermented food, junk food, alcohol, smoking, too much of non vegetarian food should be avoided. Too much exercise, too much exposure to hot climate is also to be avoided. Light and easily digestible food is preferred with proper timings

 

Ayurvedic treatment


Some specific herbs which are cooling in nature like mulethi, rakta chandan, satavari, lotus, durva are helpful along with some special formulations mentioned in Ayurvedic texts. Panchkarma treatments like vasti, Abhyanga, sirodhara are also very useful. Results are extremely good, within 3-4 months most of the symptoms subsides and within 6 to 9 months the recovery can be seen in colonoscopy.

Crohn’s Disease

Crohn’s Disease is chronic inflammatory bowel disease that affects the lining of the digestive tract. Crohn’s disease most commonly occurs in the small intestine and the colon. It can affect any part of your gastrointestinal (GI) tract, from the mouth to the anus. Can affect the entire thickness of the bowel wall Inflammation of the intestine can “skip,” or leave normal areas in between patches of diseased intestine.

The main symptoms are:

 

  • diarrhoea

  • stomach aches and cramps

  • blood in stool

  • tiredness (fatigue)

  • weight loss

  • Bloating

  • Mucus in stool


Diagnosis


Diagnosis is made by taking complete history of Patient. Investigations normally done are Blood test and Stool along with endoscopic procedures like colonoscopy, flexible sigmoidscopy with tissue biopsy.

 

Ayurvedic View


Crohn’s Disease may be correlated with Pittaj Grahani or Raktaj Pravahika. Grahani is specifically a digestive disorder in which Aama is produced because of weak digestive fire Mandagni (irregular, improper and irrelevant diet habits, heavy to digest or indigestible foods, junk food). So when a patient with weakened digestion takes pitta aggravating diets like excess of spicy, salty, sour, food items or diet which aggravates pitta may lead to Pittaj Grahani. Excessive exposure to hot climate, alcohol, smoking, non veg, fermented

food may aggravate the condition. Non-following of the healthy diet habits (Pathya) in certain digestive disorders also aggravates the condition.

 

Ayurvedic Treatment

 

Some specific herbs which are enhance digestive fire but are not too warming in nature like Usheer, Lodhra, Lajjalu, Dadima, Kutaj are helpful along with some special formulations mentioned in Ayurvedic texts. Panchkarma treatments like Piccha vasti, Abhyanga, sirodhara are also very useful. Results are encouraging , new cases and cases without complications respond better than chronic and complicated cases. Symptoms start reducing within first 3 months and the chances of flare up of the symptoms are also less in patients on Ayurvedic treatment.